Cataract surgery has evolved from the practice of pushing a "ripe" cataract into the back of the eye as was practised in ancient India, to the current method of phacoemulsification and intraocular lens insertion.
The history surrounding the treatment of cataracts is extensive and has come to a point where today we are able to offer a very safe treatment with rapid recovery.
Routine small incision cataract surgery is performed as day surgery and does not involve the routine use of injections or stitches around the eye. This is because the wound is very small and because the eye can be anaesthetised using drops or gel. A light sedative complements this use of topical anaesthetic.